Neighbors are urged to report on one another. Children are taught to look for traitors. Officials are pressed to pledge their loyalty.

Last summer, Herbert Chow, who owns Chickeeduck, a childrens clothing chain, installed a seven-foot figurine of a protester a woman wearing a gas mask and thrusting a protest flag and other protest art in his stores.
But Mr. Chow, 57, has come under pressure from his landlords, several of whom have refused to renew his leases. There were 13 Chickeeduck stores in Hong Kong last year; now there are five. He said he was uncertain how long his city could keep resisting Beijings inroads.
Fear it can make you stronger, because you dont want to live under fear, he said. Or it can kill your desire to fight.